Lakey, Strategy for a Living Revolution)
are your long-range goals?
changes do people need in the way they look at themselves?
methods of consciousness raising makes sense for the kind of people
you want to work with?
Indians could join the campaign for a free India with simple changes
in their livesboycott foreign clothes, untouchability
Stage Two: Organization Building (Creating Model Alternative
ahead to stage five where strong organization is necessary, can the form
is the role of alternative institutions in building the revolutionary
can organizational units link? Informal networks? Hierarchical
National Congress, suits to hand spun cloth
years between national civil disobedience campaigns
Three: Confrontation (Propaganda of Deed)
is the "audience," the people who, when watching the drama of
confrontation, can be won over to the side of revolution?
What are the tactics, or methods, of confrontation which will
communicate the central messages?
support do people need to get through this stage successfully, so they
will not back down, become intimidated, or get isolated?
between violent and nonviolent resistance: India, U.S. civil rights
government crack downs- Gandhi salt works
4: Mass Noncooperation
cooperation is the system dependent on?
noncooperation tactics may be appropriate (strike, boycott, tax refusal,
can the movement reach out to opponents, and help individuals in the
ruling class and bureaucratic command posts cross over to the revolution
or at least be supportive in some ways?
U.S. noncooperation with Britain in the 1770s
5: Parallel Institutions
are the actual tactics of power transfer?
are the international connections in this process?
can the empowerment of people continue to be deepened and strengthened
after the excitement of getting rid of the old order wears off?
a Nonviolent Campaign (like
Gandhis salt march)
Education about the issues
a personal commitment and resolution to do something
with the opponent
with the opponent
Martin Luther King, Jr., Stride
issue that has personal meaning to the people and is also a symbol of
broader injustice British part of Lucknow
Hold protests which build sympathy and commitment
When protests have strengthened the movement, an ultimatum is given to
If the opponent doesnt change substantially, large numbers of people
begin to resist, or to withdraw their cooperation
Dave Delinger, More Power than We